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Birth Control

We can help you understand these 6 methods of birth control. Click on one below to learn more.

 

Birth Control Appointments

Greensboro Pregnancy Care Center offers informative appointments to help you understand birth control and contraceptives better. It can be a confusing topic! No matter where you are in life, one of our nurses would be happy to speak with you. We have found that many people—including church members, singles, married couples, and more—have questions about birth control.

We do not refer for or provide birth control. We do, however, advocate for sexual risk avoidance. The only 100% effective way to avoid risks involved with sexual activity is to wait until you’re in a lifelong, committed, monogamous relationship with an uninfected partner of the opposite sex (typically called marriage in our culture).

Make an appointment with us today. We look forward to serving you!

Not Having Sex

Abstinence Method

How The Method Works

 

Saying no when there’s opportunity to engage in any sexual behaviors outside of a life-long, committed, monogamous relationship with an uninfected partner of the opposite sex (marriage).

Prevents Pregnancy

 

%

Protection Against STDs

 

Full Protection, No Risk

How The Method Is Used

 

Choosing not to engage in sexual behaviors outside of marriage.

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How Often The Method Is Used

 

Every time there is an opportunity to engage in sexual behaviors, and planning ahead so as not to put oneself in risky situations.

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Potential Side Effects

 

None

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Other Considerations

 

Protects you physically, but also emotionally, mentally, and spiritually. It encourages future thinking, and respects your future spouse. This is the only 100% healthy form of birth control.

Withdrawal

Natural Method

How The Method Works

 

Withdrawal happens when the penis is pulled completely out of the vagina before ejaculation (the large amount of sperm that is released during intercourse).

Prevents Pregnancy

 

%

to

%

Protection Against STDs

 

No Protection

How The Method Is Used

 

Pull penis out of vagina before ejaculation

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How Often The Method Is Used

 

Every time you have sex

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Potential Side Effects

 

None

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Other Considerations

 

Some men produce pre-ejaculate fluid that contains sperm, which could fertilize an egg. This is not a reliable form of birth control.

Rhythm/Basal

Natural Method

How The Method Works

 

Women keep track of their body’s normal cycle, and abstain from sex 5 days before ovulation and three days after ovulation (or use a barrier method during this time). This would prevent the sperm from fertilizing an egg.

Prevents Pregnancy

 

%

to

%

Protection Against STDs

 

No Protection

How The Method Is Used

 

Charts body temperature; watches for cervical mucus; keeps track of cycle

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How Often The Method Is Used

 

Daily

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Potential Side Effects

 

None

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Other Considerations

 

Works best for women with very regular cycles. There is a fertility window of 12-24 hours, and sperm can live in a woman’s body 3-5 days.

Diaphragm

Barrier Method

How The Method Works

 

The diaphragm covers the cervix, preventing the sperm from entering the uterus. When using with spermicide it works to kill sperm, creating another barrier to prevent sperm from entering the uterus.

Prevents Pregnancy

 

%

to

%

Protection Against STDs

 

No Protection

How The Method Is Used

 

Place inside vagina

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How Often The Method Is Used

 

Every time you have sex

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Potential Side Effects

 

If used with spermicide, some women may have an allergic reaction.

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Other Considerations

 

Will need to get a prescription and fitted with a medical provider. Most effective with spermicide. Increased risk for UTIs.

Male Condoms

Barrier Method

How The Method Works

 

The condom covers the man’s penis, and catches his sperm so it does not enter into the woman’s uterus.

Prevents Pregnancy

 

%

to

%

Protection Against STDs

 

Can Reduce Risk

How The Method Is Used

 

Place over penis

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How Often The Method Is Used

 

Every time you have sex

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Potential Side Effects

 

Some may be allergic to latex and have to use synthetic condoms.

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Other Considerations

 

There could be lack of cooperation by men, thus making male condom use impossible. In addition, there could be breakage of the condom during intercourse, or failure to use condom correctly.

Female Condoms

Barrier Method

How The Method Works

 

The condom covers the vaginal wall and cervix, creating a barrier for the sperm so it does not enter into the uterus.

Prevents Pregnancy

 

%

to

%

Protection Against STDs

 

Can Reduce Risk

How The Method Is Used

 

Place inside vagina

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How Often The Method Is Used

 

Every time you have sex

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Potential Side Effects

 

Some may be allergic to latex and have to use synthetic condoms.

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Other Considerations

 

Most effective with spermicide. May be uncomfortable for some women and cause noise during intercourse.

Female

Serilization Method

How The Method Works

 

This method works by blocking or sealing the fallopian tubes, preventing an egg from reaching the uterus and preventing the sperm from reaching an egg. Thus, prevents fertilization.

Prevents Pregnancy

 

%

Protection Against STDs

 

No Protection

How The Method Is Used

 

Surgical procedure

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How Often The Method Is Used

 

Permanent

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Potential Side Effects

 

Could result in some serious health risks.

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Other Considerations

 

More serious health risks than male sterilization. Can’t count on reversal. About 1-2 of 100 women have major problems. If operation fails, and a woman becomes pregnant, there’s a higher risk of tubal pregnancy.

Male

Sterilization Method

How The Method Works

 

A vasectomy works by surgically cutting or blocking vas deferens, the tubes that carry sperm from the testicles to the penis. This prevents sperm from being expelled, thus prevents fertilization since you need sperm to fertilize the egg.

Prevents Pregnancy

 

%

Protection Against STDs

 

No Protection

How The Method Is Used

 

Surgical procedure

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How Often The Method Is Used

 

Permanent

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Potential Side Effects

 

Could result in some health risks.

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Other Considerations

 

Few health risks for most men. Can’t count on reversal. About 2-4 of 100 men have minor problems and discomfort.

Hormonal IUD

LARC

(Long-Acting Reversible Contraceptive)

How The Method Works

 

The IUD works by thickening the cervical mucus to try to prevent sperm from entering the uterus, thinning the uterine lining and making it difficult for a fertilized egg to be implanted. It tries to inhibit the sperm from reaching the egg. The official website for Mirena states, “However, it is not known exactly how these actions work together to prevent pregnancy.”

Prevents Pregnancy

 

%

Protection Against STDs

 

No Protection

How The Method Is Used

 

Placed by a medical professional inside the uterus

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How Often The Method Is Used

 

Lasts up to 3-5 years

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Potential Side Effects

 

Cramping and pain upon insertion. May not have a period or period will become lighter.

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Other Considerations

 

For about 1 in 1,000 women, an IUD perforates the wall of the uterus. About 2% to 10% spontaneously expel the IUD.

Copper IUD

LARC

(Long-Acting Reversible Contraceptive)

How The Method Works

 

The IUD works by thickening the cervical mucus to try to prevent sperm from entering the uterus, thinning the uterine lining making it difficult for a fertilized egg to be implanted. It tries to inhibit the sperm from reaching the egg. The official website for Paragard states, “It interferes with sperm movement, egg fertilization, and possibly prevents implantation.”

Prevents Pregnancy

 

%

Protection Against STDs

 

No Protection

How The Method Is Used

 

Placed by a medical professional inside the uterus

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How Often The Method Is Used

 

Lasts up to 10 years

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Potential Side Effects

 

Cramping and pain upon insertion. May have heavier or longer periods.

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Other Considerations

 

For about 1 in 1,000 women, an IUD perforates the wall of the uterus. About 2% to 10% spontaneously expel the IUD. Not recommended for patients with a copper allergy or Wilson’s disease.

Implant

LARC

(Long-Acting Reversible Contraceptive)

How The Method Works

 

The implant works by releasing progestin into the body to prevent the ovaries from releasing eggs. In addition, it also thickens the cervical mucus, preventing sperm from joining with an egg. The implant also thins the lining of the uterine wall, making it difficult for a fertilized egg to be implanted.

Prevents Pregnancy

 

%

Protection Against STDs

 

No Protection

How The Method Is Used

 

Placed by a medical professional into the upper arm

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How Often The Method Is Used

 

Lasts up to 3 years

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Potential Side Effects

 

May have no or irregular periods, spotting, headaches, moodiness, weight gain, and breast tenderness.

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Other Considerations

 

Studies show a possible weight gain of approx. 5 pounds. There is also the possibility of an allergic reaction to the implant.

Shot

Hormonal

How The Method Works

 

The shot works by keeping the body from releasing an egg that could be fertilized by sperm. In addition, it thickens the cervical mucus making it difficult for sperm to reach the uterus and fallopian tubes. It also thins the uterine lining making it difficult for a fertilized egg to implant in the uterus.

Prevents Pregnancy

 

%

to

%

Protection Against STDs

 

No Protection

How The Method Is Used

 

Shot in arm or hip

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How Often The Method Is Used

 

Every 3 months

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Potential Side Effects

 

May have no period, or very light periods, headaches, nervous feelings, sore breasts, change in appetite, and decreased sex drive. Studies show possible weight gain of 5% to 10% of baseline weight.

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Other Considerations

 

Studies show a possible weight gain of approx. 5 pounds. There is also the possibility of an allergic reaction to the implant.

Patch

Hormonal

How The Method Works

 

The patch works by keeping the body from releasing an egg that could be fertilized by sperm. In addition, it thickens the cervical mucus making it difficult for sperm to reach the uterus and fallopian tubes. It also thins the uterine lining making it difficult for a fertilized egg to implant in the uterus.

Prevents Pregnancy

 

%

to

%

Protection Against STDs

 

No Protection

How The Method Is Used

 

Place on skin

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How Often The Method Is Used

 

Every week

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Potential Side Effects

 

Some women may have skin reactions to the patch. There is also an increased risk of headaches, nausea, and breast tenderness. Some may experience moodiness and decreased sex drive.

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Other Considerations

 

Patch is changed and worn every week, and taken off on week 4. The patch needs to change spots after applying a new one.

Pill

Hormonal

How The Method Works

 

The pill works by keeping the body from releasing an egg that could be fertilized by sperm. In addition, it thickens the cervical mucus making it difficult for sperm to reach the uterus and fallopian tubes. It also thins the uterine lining making it difficult for a fertilized egg to implant in the uterus.

Prevents Pregnancy

 

%

to

%

(87% Progestin Only)

Protection Against STDs

 

No Protection

How The Method Is Used

 

Take it orally

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How Often The Method Is Used

 

Every day at the same time

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Potential Side Effects

 

May reduce severity of periods and make them lighter. Most common reported side effects are headache, nausea, and breast tenderness. Some may experience moodiness and decreased sex drive.

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Other Considerations

 

If not taken within 3 hours of same time everyday, it could cause an increased risk for pregnancy.

Ring

Hormonal

How The Method Works

 

The NuvaRing works by keeping the body from releasing an egg that could be fertilized by sperm. In addition, it thickens the cervical mucus making it difficult for sperm to reach the uterus and fallopian tubes. It also thins the uterine lining making it difficult for a fertilized egg to implant in the uterus.

Prevents Pregnancy

 

%

to

%

Protection Against STDs

 

No Protection

How The Method Is Used

 

Place inside vagina

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How Often The Method Is Used

 

Every month

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Potential Side Effects

 

Side effects may include headaches, increased vaginal discharge, nausea and breast tenderness. Some may experience moodiness and decreased sex drive.

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Other Considerations

 

The ring is left in vagina for 3 weeks and then taken out for week 4.

Sources:

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Tuesday: 12:00pm - 8:00pm

Wednesday: 10:00am - 5:00pm

Thursday: 12:00pm - 8:00pm

Friday: 10:00am - 3:00pm

Saturday & Sunday: Closed

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